"Ought we to look upon architectural or urbanistic works as a type of mass medium, albeit an unusual one".[10]

The threshold as a area of playfulness or anarchy, in which the Kitsch, avante-garde chairs, appropriate a postmodern approach to life; showing a complete disregard for the historical reverence, the chairs act as confusion to terms of reference, making them untenable.

The chair seen as a converter of signals and the postmodern chair as appropriating and mixing the signals to create new meanings which are reflected in its erroneous styles